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EL Ballantyne Cohort VII - Fall 2015 Update  

Last Updated: Dec 4, 2015 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Building Searches Print Page

Hit or Miss V. Phrase Searching

 Hit or Miss Search

Bad Search: educational leadership

The result is relevant, but the search terms are nowhere near each other, which doesn't make this result as relevant as it could be.

 Phrase Searching " "


Phrase Search: "educational leadership"

This time our paired keywords appear next to eacher other.

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Boolean Operators


Search: "Leadership" OR "Management" OR "Administration"
Results contain all of the sources that contain ANY of those search terms.

And, +

Search: Leadership AND Educators

Results contain sources with BOTH of those terms

Not, -

Search: Leadership AND Educators NOT "Primary School"
Results contain sources containing the terms "Leadership and Educators"  WITHOUT including articles containing mentions of "primary school."


Let's try these out.


Truncation and Wild Cards


Truncation symbols, typically the * or ?, allow for you to search for variations of a root word.

Search:  Lead*


At least 6 searches in 1!


Wildcards, typically the #, look for all possible variations of a letter in a single position within a word.

Search: Wom#n
Woman, Women, Womyn, Wom!n, Wom@n



Sample Search Strategy

Search #Searched forResults+/- Hits
1 leadership 4,399,265
2 leadership AND educator  45,885 -4,353,380
leadership AND educator* 
44,380 -1,505
4 leadership AND (educator* OR teacher* OR instructor*)  190,813 +146,433
leader* AND (educator* OR teacher* OR instructor*) 
422,064 +231,251
6 (leader* OR manage*) AND (educator* OR teacher* OR instructor*) 957,915 +535,851
7 (leader* OR manage*) AND (educator* OR teacher* OR instructor*) +peer-reviewed 243,150 -714,765
8 (leader* OR manage*) AND (educator* OR teacher* OR instructor*) +peer-reviewed
+Published between 2005-2016
162,599 -80,551
9 (leader* OR manage*) AND (educator* OR teacher* OR instructor*) and (school*) +peer-reviewed +Published between 2005-2016 93,479 -69,120

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