This is the "Research Planning" page of the "*MASM 535 - Sports Research - Norwood - Spring 2017" guide.
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*MASM 535 - Sports Research - Norwood - Spring 2017  

Last Updated: Oct 31, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Research Planning Print Page

Step 1: Search Terms from Research Question

Starting Reaserch Topic & Question:

Doping in Sports

What is doping in sports and how should it be addressed?

Find important words, and refine ambiguous terms:

What is doping in sports and how should it be addressed?

Get rid of the conversational words and punctuation.

Good Initial Search Terms:

doping, sports, addressed


Step 2: Get Background Information


  • Overview   -   Gain a broad understanding of your topic
  • Definitions - Be an informed reader
  • Notable Names - Know the major players
  • Dates & Events - Contextualize your topic
  • Bibliographies - Fish those citations!

 General Encyclopedias


Step 3: Gather More Search Terms

Build a list of keyword synonyms and concepts

doping • "performance enhancing drugs" "performance enhancing substances" Steroids stimulants
sport • competition • games athletics (specific sports)
prevention regulation prohibition

Then mix and match search terms!

e.g. steroids + sports + prohibition

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